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in 1713, he was a prominent figure in what became known as
and was the editor-in-chief of the famous
notably with his work
Jacques the Fatalist,
which challenged conventions regarding
and their structure and content, while also examining
ideas relating to
He is also known as
the author of the essay Regrets on Parting with My Old
Dressing Gown, upon which many an article and sermon
about consumer desire have been based.
He died of
emphysema and dropsy in
on July 31, 1784, and was buried in the city's